Meeting Cory Doctorow in Zurich

7. December, 2011

By pure chance, I learned yesterday that Cory Doctorow is in Zurich for a talk about “The Politics of Copyright and the New Cultural Economy” – a topic that I’m very interested in. Also, since I write like him, I of course had to attend 😉 (see for yourself: Little Brother by him and Haul by me). The event was organised by Digitale Allmend.

Cory introduced his three laws:

  1. Anytime someone puts a lock on something that belongs to you and doesn’t give you the key, the lock is not there for your benefit.
  2. Fame doesn’t guarantee fortune, but no one gets rich from being unknown.
  3. Information doesn’t want to be free, people do.

(source)

In his talk, he mentioned the sequence which art takes from the creator to the audience: Artist -> investor -> DRM provider -> audience. The interesting part is that the DRM provider controls the process and how much money goes where – despite the fact that they are most remote from the source. Think Apple: Apple controls how much money they get from products sold via iTunes plus they control what gets sold at all. There was a person in the audience who wrote a little unicorn app that was rejected by Apple for “not being funny enough.”

In a nutshell, Apple controls how much money the creators get by granting or denying access to their marketplace plus they control the tax. If you sell eBooks via Amazon, your book is “protected” by DRM even if you don’t want that. As a creator, the copyright gives me extensive rights over my work but that power is taken away from me from people who are not creative at all and for dubious reasons.

That’s like selling books that you can only put in certain shelves. No reader would accept that you can put Amazon books only on IKEA shelves. It also creates in-locking for creators. No consumer is going to buy a different device if you switch the DRM provider. Which means that if you buy eBooks by Amazon, you’ll never buy them from anyone else – simply because that would mean to have to manage two libraries which you can’t mix. If you produce a TV series, there is no way to switch the vendor between episode 7 and 8 – viewers would go ballistic! If you buy from Amazon and Apple, there is no way to see all your books at the same time. See Cory’s first law.

What makes the current DRM-affine laws so insidious is that they make tools illegal that can potentially be used to circumvent DRM. Since that works so well, DRM providers (by using pawns like the MPAA and the RIAA) tries to broaden their grip on all of us by doing the same on the Internet. If SOPA is turned into law in a few days (and it probably will even though everyone with half a brain is strongly opposed to it), any tool that could be used to circumvent the SOPA censorship is illegal.

That would include “hacker” tools like Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, Safari and any other browser with a location bar. Because all of them allow to type in an IP address in the location bar thus bypassing the DNS filtering that SOPA requires.

Also this blog will be shut down because I write about copyright and that might mean that I potentially could add a link to a “pirate site” in one of my blog posts. At the same time, my PayPal account will be closed – if it wasn’t closed long before that because PayPal will want to close it proactively to prevent them being sued for supporting criminal activities. I’ll know that this has happened when I can’t access my blog/PayPal account anymore – there is no pre-warning, no legal counsel, no way to prevent this from happening. Any big company in the US doesn’t like what I write, I’m done for. Does that sound more like “justice” or more like “censorship” to you?

In the US, two students were sued by the RIAA for developing a search engine for campus LANs because the same search engine could be used to find media files in the LAN, too. Since developing a new Google isn’t illegal, the RIAA tried to blackmail them into stopping. They were pretty sure that they’d find illegal files in the computers of the two students. How did they know? The students were male, 17 and had access to the Internet.

See all this in the light of a prediction that Cory made: Copying bits is only ever going to become more simple.

Think of it: Reading a book on your kindle means copying bits many, many times. First, they are copied from Amazon’s storage into the RAM of some server. Then into various CPU caches, CPU registers, buffers of network drivers, hardware registers of Ethernet chips, switches, routers, mobile phone access points, into the memory of your Kindle. As you open the book, the bits are copied, decoded (= copied many times + manipulated with complex mathematics), copied again into CPU caches and registers, into the frame buffer of a display device.

Between buying a book at Amazon and reading it, the book has been copied several hundred times. And every time you read it, at least four new copies are made. True, most of those copies are quickly deleted but they are made nonetheless.

On top of that, everything that we will do tomorrow will require the Internet. Therefore, the “three strikes” idea, as alluring it might seem, has the potential to destroy a human life. Research shows that having an Internet connection substantially improves the situation of poor families (TODO I’ll post a link as soon as I find one). Of course, anyone with enough money could cut them off any time they like just by suggesting that one of them might be a “pirate” – no proof necessary with the new laws. What is worth more? A human life or the profits of a DRM provider?

Cory brought a great example to drive the point home: Most successful technologies are both simple and general purpose. Think of a wheel. Imagine someone comes along and says: “Well, I like the idea but some villain could attach the wheels to a car and drive away from a crime. Can’t you make a wheel which prevents that?”

No one would take this guy seriously.

Then, we have the PC. It’s also general purpose but at the same time, it’s complex. So it seems like you could create a PC which stops you when you do something naughty. And it’s true. You can try that but as always, there is a price to pay. If want to get an idea of this price, look at China, Yemen or Nazi Germany. It’s always the same psychological pattern.

Human catastrophes started with the urge to “protect your own home country.” As Philip Zimbardo showed in his great book “The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil“, all evil starts with someone trying desperately to do good without realizing when they start to do harm. They start with pressure and when that doesn’t work (and it won’t), they try to increase the pressure. Eventually, torture and death seem OK.

The people behind SOPA and similar efforts just want our best. At the same time, they are blind to the damage they cause. On top of that, there are people involved who aren’t responsible for the well being of the general public. Their main concern is (as per their work contract) to make as much profit as possible. Which makes sense for them and their investors.

But not for the 99%.


UltraViolet: Death of digital content

29. July, 2010

UV radiation is invisible but extended exposure causes sunburn. It can also cause skin cancer which leads to certain death if not treated immediately. What an appropriate name for a new DRM system.

My guess is that it will help to kill sales of digital media like no technology before it. Why?

  1. It is supported by most of the important companies, so in a few years, you won’t be able to find consumer devices which don’t support it. Outside the OSS world that is.
  2. Did you know that you buy products because you like them? If that is so, then the products you buy tell about your psyche. In which mood are you today? Did you buy ABBA or Motörhead? Hmm… Imagine who might long for such information and how much.
  3. Finally you don’t have to spend hours selecting music for a friend, a coupon is enough. You can’t buy the music for them anymore because you can’t give it away anymore. Anything you buy will be yours. And yours only. Except if they are members of your family. Finally children can know what their parents read. And which movies the parents watch after the children were sent to bed. Did you know that most parents turn to their children for help with electronic devices?
  4. At long last DVDs and BlueRay disks will “just work“. No more sitting in front of a black screen because your DVD player can’t play the disk in the drive. And you won’t get an FBI warning either. They will know where you live the instant you try to play “content” you didn’t buy and sue you. Or kick your door in. Whatever they feel like. You’re just a petty criminal, like the molesters, thieves, murderers and other scum.
  5. UV will be anywhere (like in daylight). There will be no way to avoid it. Unless you stop buying. What an odd idea. Why would you stop giving money to greed…great companies who sue toddlers? Babies stink anyway. Stop making them. They only pollute the planet even more, they take room, breathe our air, eat our food and then refuse to pay for our pension. Buy more music instead! In UV2, we’ll figure out a way to sell condoms, too. Everything for our consumers!
  6. Of course this is a very complex technology, so the company behind it has meticulously created a roadmap which makes sure the most important features are available first. Which will be the ones that are paid for. By the companies using the technology to sell you stuff. But don’t worry. Eventually, when they run out of ideas how to spend the fortune they’ll make, they will eventually consider adding features for consumers. Eventually. Housing on the moon is so expensive. But well worth it: You can’t hear the complaints. And the view is priceless.
  7. Only very few, unimportant companies like Apple and Disney aren’t on the big, happy bandwagon. But don’t fear. In a short time, they will either be out of business (like they deserve) or see the light like everyone else.

Doesn’t that sound great? At last no more aggravation that you can’t play music on your Linux PC because the MP3 codec isn’t installed. No, finally you can be sure that no digital content, even if you bought it on a DVD and physically carried it home, will be owned by you. Or can be played on Linux. The Linux community, which has been spread like a virus for years, will be reduced again to the weirdos, sociopaths and communists. McCarthy would be so happy.

There is just one tiny problem. In Europe, there are some people called “data protection commissioners”. Unlike the name suggests, they are purely evil and as soon as they learn what the companies behind UV can do with the data they collect about the valued customers, they might try to outlaw the technology! Fret not, dear reader, the stupi…insight of the masses have always worked in our favor.

It won’t take long before new governments will be elected by careful persuasion of you with a little help of the, say, more “private” or, well, “odd” purchases you make. And if that doesn’t work, it should be possible to extrapolate your income this way and gently nudge the IRS who will be thankful of the service rendered by the law-abiding[*] companies behind the great new technology Ultraviolet!

[*] Read “we are the law”! And don’t you forget it! Now buy! The tires on my Ferrari are already dusty from the ride this morning! Yuck! I need a new one! Life is so … so … unjust!